India has taken a new step in military technology by successfully developing its first laser guided bomb (LGB). This LGB will be supported from city-based Instrument Research and Development Establishment (IRDE) and will augment the precision strike capability of the Indian Air Force (IAF) according to a report in the Deccan Herald
. Developed by the Indian Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO), the LGB is completely indigenously developed according to a DRDO official.
An LGB uses a laser designator to mark its target. The laser light reflected from this point (target) is detected by the seeker in the weapon, which helps maneuver the LGB towards the target by feeding the signal to its control surface. The 450 kg (1000 pounds) LGB is therefore technically an air-to-ground, free falling weapon, which needs no electronic communication with the aircraft and relies solely on the laser painted target to reach its intended destination with surgical precision and reliability.
The guidance system of the LGB has been developed by Bangalore-based Aeronautics Development Establishment (ADE). Two tests of the LGB have already been successfully carried out by the IAF at Chandipur integrated test range in Orissa early this year and the system passed with flying colors. The LGBs were first developed by USA in early 1960s and were extensively used in Vietnam War of 1968. Russia, France and Britain later followed suit and developed them as well. The LGB is a new technological achievement for Indian defense, increasing its military clout and showcasing the country's self-reliance.